NALOXONE RESOURCES & TRAINING

QUESTIONS ABOUT TAKE-HOME NARCAN™ (NALOXONE)

  • Doesn’t a person need to be a medical professional to be able to spot a serious overdose and give Narcan™?

    Research has shown that with basic training, nonmedical professionals, such as friends, family members or even concerned bystanders, can recognize when an overdose is occurring and give Narcan™ (naloxone).(*a)

  • Is the use of naloxone by non-medical people controversial?

    No.  Recently the American Medical Association endorsed the training of lay people in the use of Narcan (naloxone) to prevent overdoses.  Also the director of Office of National Drug Control Policy,Gil Kerlikowski (the U.S. Drug Czar), remarked that naloxone distribution is a key component of overdose prevention.

  • Can Narcan™ (naloxone) harm a person?

    Narcan™ (naloxone) only affects people who are using opioids. If a person is not having an overdose but has been using opioids, Narcan™ (naloxone) will put them into immediate withdrawal. This can be very uncomfortable for the person, but is not life threatening.

  • What has research shown to be the impacts of distributing Narcan™ (naloxone) to potential overdose bystanders?

    Giving naloxone to overdosing people has not resulted in dangerous health outcomes for that person; (*b)

    Drug users are willing to give naloxone to each other; (*c)

    Naloxone availability does not increase drug use. (*d)

     

    Thousands of opioid overdoses have been reversed with naloxone. In the United States, Narcan™ (naloxone) distribution programs generally provide overdose prevention and recognition training along with a prescription of take-home Narcan™ (naloxone). More than 100 programs that distribute naloxone to opiate users are operating in at least 15 states.

  • Why are opiate overdoses an important public health issue?

    The number of opiate users in the Illinois has increased substantially over the past 15 years. Opiate use and negative consequences (death, arrests, emergency room visits) are increasing across the state. For more information see the Centers for Disease Control Report on overdoses here and here.

  • References

    (a) Green TC, Heimer R, Grau LE. (2008) Distinguishing signs of opioid overdose and indication for naloxone: an evaluation of six overdose training and naloxone distribution programs in the United States. Addiction 103(6):979- 89.

    (b) Doe-Simkins M, Walley AY, Epstein A, Moyer P. (2009). Saved by the nose: bystander-administered intranasal naloxone hydrochloride for opioid overdose. American Journal of Public Health 99:788-91.

    (c) Lagu T, Anderson BJ, Stein M. (2006) Overdoses among friends: drug users are willing to administer naloxone to others. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 30(2):129-33.

    (d) Seal KH, Downing M, Kral AH, Singleton-Banks S, Hammond JP, Lorvick J, et al. (2003) Attitudes about prescribing take-home naloxone to injection drug users for the management of heroin overdose: a survey of street-recruited injectors in the San Francisco Bay Area. Journal of Urban Health 80(2):291-301.

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We aim to reduce the number of deaths in Illinois by educating residents, key stakeholders and impacted individuals on practices and policies that reduce overdose fatalities.

MISSION

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We envision a time where an overdose is treated as a health issue and when naloxone and other lifesaving overdose support is in the hands of those who need it.

VISION

MUST WATCH VIDEOS ON DRUG OVERDOSE AND NALOXONE

Reach for Me: Fighting to End the American Drug Overdose Epidemic

Intended audience: General

Disclaimer: this video has clear depictions of injection drug use

LIVE! Using Injectable Naloxone To Reverse Opiate Overdose

Intended audience: Injection drug users and their family and friends

Opioid Medication Safety: The Role of Naloxone

Intended audience: Doctors and patients treated with opioids

Naloxone

Intended audience: Injection drugs users, their loved ones and individuals prescribed opioids

LINKS TO ADDITIONAL TRAINING VIDEOS AND RESOURCES

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